Climate change adaptation and mitigation in ethiopia pdf

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climate change adaptation and mitigation in ethiopia pdf

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Climate change is an inevitable global challenge of the 21 st century.

Climate change is a threat to the future of our planet, but there is still time for us to adapt to it and mitigate its effects. Below, we take a look at the measures being put in place and travel in time to see what the world will look like if we are to halt global warming. Policies on adapting to climate change will help us withstand the consequences of global warming. Global temperature records are being continually broken. If last July was the hottest month in history, according to the World Meteorological Organisation WMO , the five-year period is about to become the hottest of all time.


Climate change adaptation is the process of adjusting to current or expected climate change and its effects. Adaptation actions can be either incremental actions where the central aim is to maintain the essence and integrity of a system or transformational actions that change the fundamental attributes of a system in response to climate change and its impacts. The need for adaptation varies from place to place, depending on the sensitivity and vulnerability to environmental impacts. The adaptation challenge grows with the magnitude and the rate of climate change. Even the most effective climate change mitigation [13] through reduction of greenhouse gas GHG emissions or enhanced removal of these gases from the atmosphere through carbon sinks [14] would not prevent further climate change impacts, making the need for adaptation unavoidable. Sustainable Development Goal 13 , set in , targets to strengthen countries' resilience and adaptive capacities to climate-related issues.

Climate change adaptation

It explores whether adoption of CD is a win-win strategy on household income and demand for on-farm labor. A household-plot level data were collected in from rural farm households and 4, plots in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. The data comprise farm and household characteristics accompanied by geo-referenced climate data such as long-term average temperature and amount and variability of growing season rainfall. The results indicate heterogeneous effects of climate variables on farm income between adopters and non-adopters of CD. The study also confirms the win-win effect of adoption of CD with a positive and significant effect on farm income and a reduction in demand for on-farm labor. The results suggest that adoption of CD helps improve the well-being of farm households and build a resilient agricultural system.

Metrics details. The agricultural sector remains the main source of livelihoods for rural communities in Ethiopia, but faces the challenge of changing climate. This study investigated how smallholder farmers perceive climate change, what adaptation strategies they practice, and factors that influence their adaptation decisions. In the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia, climate change is a pressing problem, which is beyond the capacity of smallholders to respond to autonomously. This implies the need to support the indigenous adaptation strategies of the smallholder farmers with a wide range of institutional, policy, and technology support; some of it targeted on smaller, poorer or female-headed households. Moreover, creating opportunities for non-farm income sources is important as this helps farmers to engage in those activities that are less sensitive to climate change.

Causes for vulnerability of Ethiopia to climate variability and change include very high dependence on rain fed agriculture which is very sensitive.

Migration caused by climate change: how vulnerable are people inn dryland areas?

Climate change has been presented as a likely trigger formigration of people, especially in dryland areas of less developed countries. The underlying research questions focus on the strength of adaptationcapacity of subsistence farmers in Northern Ethiopia, and evaluate historicalexperiences gained from drought-induced migration. Through a survey of peasants who had to migrant due to persistent drought, vulnerabilityto climate change has shown to be a complex issue, including themultiplicity of factors comprising a household environment. Still, to bevulnerable does not make someone a potential climate migrant, as peoplein marginal regions have developed a great variety of adaptationmechanisms, which strengthen their ability to cope with both, slow climaticchanges and extreme climatic events. This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Publication Date : October 1, Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. Year , Volume 3 , Issue 4, Pages - Zotero Mendeley EndNote.

Двухцветный замер. Как правильно ответить.

 - Все становится на свои места. Какой-то миг еще ощущались сомнения, казалось, что в любую секунду все снова начнет разваливаться на части. Но затем стала подниматься вторая стена, за ней третья. Еще несколько мгновений, и весь набор фильтров был восстановлен. Банк данных снова был в безопасности. В комнате творилось нечто невообразимое.

Первая попытка закончилась неудачей. Нахмурившись, Беккер набрал второй номер. И на другом конце сразу же сняли трубку. - Buenas noches, Mujeres Espana.


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