Signs and symptoms of obesity pdf

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signs and symptoms of obesity pdf

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Obesity: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention

Obesity is a complex health issue resulting from a combination of causes and individual factors such as behavior and genetics. Behaviors can include physical activity, inactivity, dietary patterns, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion.

Obesity is serious because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes and reduced quality of life. Obesity is also associated with the leading causes of death in the United States and worldwide, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer. Healthy behaviors include regular physical activity and healthy eating. Balancing the number of calories consumed from foods and beverages with the number of calories the body uses for activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.

A healthy diet pattern follows the Dietary Guidelines for Americans external icon which emphasizes eating whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein, low-fat and fat-free dairy products, and drinking water.

A pattern of healthy eating and regular physical activity is also important for long-term health benefits and prevention of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. For more, see Healthy Weight — Finding a Balance. People and families may make decisions based on their environment or community. For example, a person may not walk or bike to the store or to work because of a lack of sidewalks or safe bike trails. Community, home, childcare, school, health care, and workplace settings can all influence daily behaviors.

Therefore, it is important to create environments that make it easier to engage in physical activity and eat healthy foods. Learn about community strategies to make it easier to be physically active. See strategies to prevent obesity and school health guidelines. Genetic changes in human populations occur too slowly to be responsible for the obesity epidemic. Nevertheless, how people respond to an environment that promotes physical inactivity and intake of high-calorie foods suggests that genes do play a role in developing obesity.

Genes give the body instructions for responding to changes in its environment. Variants in several genes may contribute to obesity by increasing hunger and food intake. Rarely, a clear pattern of inherited obesity within a family is caused by a specific variant of a single gene monogenic obesity. Most obesity, however, probably results from complex interactions among multiple genes and environmental factors that remain poorly understood multifactorial obesity.

Health care practitioners routinely collect family health history to help identify people at high risk of obesity-related diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some forms of cancer. Family health history reflects the effects of shared genetics and environment among close relatives. Families cannot change their genes, but they can encourage healthy eating habits and physical activity.

Those changes can improve the health of family members—and improve the health history of the next generation. Learn more about obesity and genomics.

Some illnesses may lead to obesity or weight gain. Drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants may also cause weight gain. Research continues on the role of other factors in energy balance and weight gain such as chemical exposures and the role of the microbiome.

People who have obesity, compared to those with a healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions, including the following: 5,6,7. Obesity and its associated health problems have a significant economic impact on the US health care system, 11 including direct and indirect costs.

Indirect costs relate to sickness and death and include lost productivity. Productivity measures include employees being absent from work for obesity-related health reasons, decreased productivity while at work, and premature death and disability. In addition, obesity has implications for armed forces recruitment. In , 5. Available online pdf icon [PDF Defining the genetic architecture of the predisposition to obesity: a challenging but not insurmountable task external icon.

Am J Clin Nutr ; Genetics of obesity: what have we learned? Epub Aug Department of Health and Human Services. Current estimates of the economic cost of obesity in the United States. Obesity Research. What is the economic case for treating obesity? The economic impact of obesity in the United States.

Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Health Aff Millwood. Indirect costs of obesity: a review of the current literature. Obes Rev. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.

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Symptoms of Obesity

Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on June 8, It is difficult to directly measure body fat. Body mass index BMI is a popular method of defining a healthy weight. BMI should be used as a guide, along with waist size, to help estimate the amount of body fat. BMI estimates a healthy weight based on your height.

Obesity is the result of eating more calories than the body can burn or use on a regular basis. The body then stores the excess calories as fat. As the extra calories are consumed each day, the body continues to accumulate extra fat stores, leading to obesity and—in the most severe instances—to morbid obesity. Obesity symptoms have been identified as a precursor to many serious, and sometimes fatal disorders. Obesity symptoms involve measurable benchmarks, designed to evaluate the percentage of body fat; these calculations are used by the healthcare provider when diagnosing obesity.

Obesity is a disorder involving an excess amount of fat in the body, which increases the risk of various health related problems. It is more common in women than in men. Obesity is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with an increasing number of adults and children among population. It is a medical condition in which excess body fat gets accumulated below the skin and around the visceral organs. It can cause various other diseases and conditions, particularly heart diseases cardiovascular diseases , type 2 diabetes , cancers breast and colon , arthritis , depression and sleeping disorder. Intake of more calories, fats and sugars can lead to obesity. It is generally caused by eating too much and not doing any physical activity.

What are the signs of obesity? The most visible sign of obesity is excess body fat, usually measured by BMI. A BMI of 30 or more indicates obesity, while a person.

Adult Obesity Causes & Consequences

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to an extent that it may have a negative effect on health. Obesity has individual, socioeconomic, and environmental causes, including diet, physical activity, automation , urbanization , genetic susceptibility , medications , mental disorders , economic policies , endocrine disorders , and exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals. Obesity prevention requires a complex approach, including interventions at community, family, and individual levels.


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