Population growth issues and challenges in india pdf
File Name: population growth issues and challenges in india .zip
- Human population growth and the demographic transition
- Main Effects of Population Explosion in India
- 4 Major Population Problems of India
- Tackling the Population Problem
Persons are means as well as ends of economic development.
Human population growth and the demographic transition
The world and most regions and countries are experiencing unprecedentedly rapid demographic change. The most obvious example of this change is the huge expansion of human numbers: four billion have been added since Projections for the next half century expect a highly divergent world, with stagnation or potential decline in parts of the developed world and continued rapid growth in the least developed regions. Other demographic processes are also undergoing extraordinary change: women's fertility has dropped rapidly and life expectancy has risen to new highs. Past trends in fertility and mortality have led to very young populations in high fertility countries in the developing world and to increasingly older populations in the developed world. Contemporary societies are now at very different stages of their demographic transitions.
Learn More. We cannot have a sustainable planet without stabilizing population. Any truly meaningful conservation and sustainability efforts must take the expanding human population footprint into consideration. Globally, over , people are added every day — each needs sufficient land, water, shelter, food, and energy for a decent life. In the 21st century, working on the population issue means working against oppressive cultural practices such as the low status of women around the world, gender-based violence, genital mutilation, forced prostitution, and child marriage. No doubt the natural world will applaud this, as will the individuals around the world benefiting from healthier communities and a more stable climate.
Main Effects of Population Explosion in India
The articles prior to January are part of the back file collection and are not available with a current paid subscription. To access the article, you may purchase it or purchase the complete back file collection here. Quite apart from its long-range consequences for the future of mankind, a reduction in the present rates of population growth during the next 30 years would be highly desirable for the welfare of people in the poorer countries. High fertility and rapid population growth have seriously adverse effects on the economies and societies of these countries. Although, in many countries, the economy is growing, the rate of population growth is usually at least half that of the economic growth, and thus per capita income rises very slowly, Chiefly because of high birth rates, the ratio of children to adults is high, creating a "dependency burden" which acts as a destructive brake to both social betterment and economic growth. A gap continually widens between people employed in government and the modern industrial sector, and those remaining in agriculture or finding only casual and unremunerative employment in urban slums. Thus "two nations" exist side by side in the same country, one relatively well off and growing, the other backward and poor.
4 Major Population Problems of India
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. While there has been a steady increase of population growth during the past two or three centuries, it has been especially rapid during the past 20 years.
Some of the major population problems of India are as follows: 1. Rapid Growth of Population 2. Disproportionate Gender Composition 3. Poor Standard of Living and Malnutrition 4.
Tackling the Population Problem
Family planning in India is based on efforts largely sponsored by the Indian government. India adds up to 1,, people to its population every 20 days. In , the total fertility rate of India was 2.
Despite the implementation of National Rural Health Mission over a period of nine years since , the public health system in the country continues to face formidable challenges. The view taken therein holds the class nature of the ruling classes in the country and the development paradigm pursued by them as being at the root of the present problems being faced by public hospitals. The suggested solutions are in tune with these realities. Unfortunately, even this curative care has become unaffordable to many common people due to the policy framework governing health sector in the country. The fact is that public hospitals have become increasingly detached from the larger context in which medicine operates. If the public hospitals are to be made responsive to the health needs of the people, then problems facing these institutions ought to be located in the broader conditions we may call these structural problems that influence their functioning, rather than locating these in their inner working alone.