Review of microbiology and immunology pdf
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- Microbiology, Immunology & Biochemistry
- Book review: Oral microbiology and immunology, 2nd edition
- DEJA REVIEW™ Microbiology and Immunology
- Immunology for Medical Students
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Microbiology, Immunology & Biochemistry
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Neither McGraw-Hill nor its licensors shall be liable to you or anyone else for any inaccuracy, error or omission, regardless of cause, in the work or for any damages resulting therefrom. McGraw-Hill has no responsibility for the content of any information accessed through the work. This limitation of liability shall apply to any claim or cause whatsoever whether such claim or cause arises in contract, tort or oth- erwise. To Emile and Ava. For my wife, my Holly, my unending dream for her unfailing devotion.
And most of all, for my nephew Tejas, may your life always be filled with inspiration. Hav- ing recently prepared for Step 1, we realize how daunting this task can be. We feel there are two main principles that will allow you to be successful in your preparations for Step 1: 1 repetition of key facts and 2 using review questions to gauge your comprehension and memory. The Deja Review series is a unique resource that has been designed to allow you to review the essential facts and determine your level of knowledge on the subjects tested on Step 1.
Building a solid foundation in the basic sciences will allow you to make a smooth transition into the clinical years of medical school. The mi- crobiology material is divided into chapters organized by classes of pathogens and body sys- tems. The immunology material covers basic principles, pathological processes, and labor- atory sciences.
Additional emphasis has been placed on the clinical relevance of the topics in this second edition to better reflect the current trend in the USMLE Step 1.
At the end of a chapter, you will find clinical vignettes that expose you to the prototypic presentation of diseases classically tested on the USMLE Step 1. These board-style ques- tions put the basic science into a clinical context, allowing you to apply the facts you have just reviewed in a clinical scenario.
Remember, this text is not intended to replace comprehensive textbooks, course packs, or lectures. It is simply intended to serve as a supplement to your studies during your Microbiology and Immunology coursework and Step 1 preparation. You may use the book to quiz yourself or classmates on topics covered in recent lectures and clinical case discussions. A bookmark is included so that you can easily cover up the answers as you work through each chapter.
The compact, condensed design of the book is conducive to studying on the go, especially during any downtime throughout your day. We encourage you to begin using this book early to reinforce topics covered on your microbi- ology and immunology examinations. Last, we tried to provide a vast array of mnemon- ics.
We hope you pick and choose which ones will best assist your studying. However you choose to study, we hope you find this resource helpful throughout your preclinical years and during your preparation for the USMLE Step 1. All the best! In addition, we are grateful for the helpful comments from our new faculty reviewers, Dr Yvonne Paterson and Dr James Ket- tering.
We would also like to thank our many reviewers and contributors for their efforts in making this a high-yield review. Without the enthusiastic help of all these people, this book would not have been possible. Capsule 2. Cell wall 3. Cell membrane Bacterial capsules are typically made from what macromolecule? Polysaccharides macromolecules made of sugar monomers What are the two notable examples of bacterial capsules made from a macromolecule other than polysaccharides?
The capsule of Bacillus anthmcis is made from D-glutamic acid polypeptide. The capsule of Yersinia pestis is made from amino acids. What are the two functions of a bacterial capsule? Capsules are virulence factors that serve to protect bacteria from phagocytosis by macro- phages and neutrophils.
They also aid bacteria in attaching to host surfaces. What test allows identification of a capsule in bacteria? It was used in the past for the detection of Streptococcus pneumoniae. Why are capsules an important target for medical therapy? Capsules contain polysaccharides that can be used for the development of vaccines such as the vaccine against S.
Bacterial cell walls are made from what macromolecule? The peptidoglycan murein, which is a polymer consisting of sugars and amino acids What is the major function of the cell wall? The cell wall is a rigid structure that protects bacteria against mechanical forces such as osmotic gradients. What is Gram staining? Gram staining is a procedure by which bacteria can be classified by the ability of the cell wall to absorb a crystal violet dye, followed by a red safranin counter stain.
What color are gram-positive bacteria? Gram-positive bacteria appear blue because they effectively absorb the crystal violet stain. What color are gram-negative bacteria? Gram-negative bacteria appear pink because they do not retain the crystal violet dye and take up the red safranin counter stain. How do the peptidoglycan layers of gram-positive bacteria differ from those of gram- negative bacteria?
What important enzyme is found in the periplasmic space of gram-negative bacteria? They bind to transpeptidase enzymes also called penicillin-binding proteins and pre- vent the cross-linking of sugar chains in the peptidoglycan murein.
Which type of Gram-staining bacteria has teichoic and lipoteichoic acid? Which type has lipopolysaccharide LPS? Teichoic and lipoteichoic acid—gram-positive bacteria LPS also known as endotoxin —gram-negative bacteria What are some of the pathologic effects of teichoic acid and LPS? Figure 1. What are the three components of LPS? Outer polysaccharide or O-antigen the major surface antigen 2.
Middle core polysaccharide 3. Inner lipid A phospholipid that causes the toxic effect What is the only gram-positive organism that has endotoxin? Listeria monocytogenes How do the cell walls of Mycobacteria species differ from those of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms?
Mycobacteria cell walls contain mycolic acids which do not Gram stain. Instead, they stain with carbolfuchsin a component of Ziehl-Neelsen stain and are called acid-fast.
There are several other bacteria that do not Gram stain. For each bacterium, name the alternate staining method: Treponema Dark-field microscopy and fluorescent antibody staining Borrelia relapsing fever Giemsa stain or dark-field microscopy Legionella Silver stain Mycobacteria Ziehl-Neelsen acid-fast stain Rickettsia Giemsa stain Chlamydia Giemsa, fluorescent antibody, and iodide staining What bacteria lack a cell wall?
Mycoplasma species How do bacterial cell membranes differ from mammalian cell membranes? Bacterial cell membranes lack sterols, except for Mycoplasma species. Since bacteria lack organelles such as mitochondria, where is the electron transport chain located? What stimulus drives the direction of motion of flagellated bacteria?
Bacterial motion is dictated by chemical gradients chemotaxis. Name two bacteria with a single polar flagellum: 1. Vibrio chokrae 2.
Book review: Oral microbiology and immunology, 2nd edition
Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. The journal is an open access journal, committed to disseminating information on the latest trends and advances in microbiology, immunology, infectious diseases and parasitology. Articles on clinical or laboratory investigations of relevance to microbiology, immunology, infectious diseases, parasitology and other related fields that are of interest to the medical profession are eligible for consideration. Article types considered include perspectives, review articles, original articles, brief reports and correspondence. The Editorial Board of the Journal comprises a dedicated team of local and international experts in the field of microbiology, immunology, infectious diseases and parasitology. All members of the Editorial Board actively guide and set the direction of the journal.
DEJA REVIEW™ Microbiology and Immunology
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Immunology for Medical Students
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Ken S. Rosenthal and Michael J. This new reference in the highly rated Rapid Review Series is formatted as a bulleted outline with photographs, tables and figures that address all the microbiology and immunology information you need to know for the USMLE. And with Student Consult functionality, you can become familiar with the look and feel of the actual exam by taking a timed or a practice test online that includes USMLE-style questions. Take a timed or a practice test online with more than USMLE-style questions and full rationales for why every possible answer is right or wrong. Review the most current information with completely updated chapters, images, and questions, including a new chapter on Laboratory Tests for Diagnosis.
Applicants must hold a B. Applicants should have a solid educational background in the areas of physical and biological sciences. This background need not include a heavy concentration in microbiology and immunology, as appropriate courses may be taken in this Department during graduate residence. Although it is convenient to have applicants trained in microbiology prior to their arrival, it is recognized that students educated in other institutional programs with widely differing contents may add strength to our own graduate program. Students who have satisfactorily completed a M.
Medical Microbiology and Immunology covers all aspects of the interrelationship between infectious agents and their hosts. Among the major topics covered are microbial and viral pathogenesis and the immunological host response to infections. The journal also publishes information from other fields of microbiology, including mycology and parasitology. See "Journal History" under additional information on the right hand side to learn more. Issue 1, February As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.
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