Meaning and function of commercial bank pdf
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- Commercial Bank: Meaning, Types and Function (1797 Words)
- Functions of Commercial Banks in India
- Commercial Bank
The commercial bank is the financial institution performs diverse types of functions. It satisfies the financial needs of sectors such as agriculture, industry, trade, communication, etc. That means they play a very significant role in a process of economic social needs. The functions performed by banks are changing according to change in time and recently they are becoming customer centric and widening their functions.
Commercial Bank: Meaning, Types and Function (1797 Words)
A commercial bank is a financial institution which accepts deposits from the public and gives loans for the purposes of consumption and investment to make profit.
Commercial banks include private sector banks and public sector banks. In the United States, the term commercial bank was often used to distinguish it from an investment bank due to differences in bank regulation. Congress required that commercial banks only engage in banking activities, whereas investment banks were limited to capital market activities.
This separation was mostly repealed in by the Gramm—Leach—Bliley Act. The general role of commercial banks is to provide financial services to the general public and business, ensuring economic and social stability and sustainable growth of the economy. In this respect, credit creation is the most significant function of commercial banks.
While sanctioning a loan to a customer, they do not provide cash to the borrower. Instead, they open a deposit account from which the borrower can withdraw. In other words, while sanctioning a loan, they automatically create deposits. In most countries, commercial banks are heavily regulated and this is typically done by a country's central bank. They will impose a number of conditions on the banks that they regulate such as keeping bank reserves and to maintain minimum capital requirements.
Commercial banks generally provide a number of services to its clients; these can be split into core banking services such as deposits, loans, and other services which are related to payment systems and other financial services. Along with core products and services, commercial banks perform several secondary functions.
The secondary functions of commercial banks can be divided into agency functions and utility functions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Functions of Commercial Banks in India
Commercial banks are the most important types of banks that support the whole financial system. These banks serve the banking needs of the general public. These are profit-generating organizations. Apart from these, there several other functions also provided by these banks i. This is one of the important function played by the commercial banks. Commercial banks accept deposits from the general public.
A commercial bank is a financial institution which performs the functions of accepting deposits from the general public and giving loans for investment with the aim of earning profit. In fact, commercial banks, as their name suggests, axe profit-seeking institutions, i. They generally finance trade and commerce with short-term loans. They charge high rate of interest from the borrowers but pay much less rate of Interest to their depositors with the result that the difference between the two rates of interest becomes the main source of profit of the banks. The two most distinctive features of a commercial bank are borrowing and lending, i.
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Commercial Banks: Meaning, Functions, and Significances
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Image Courtesy : gdb. Thus a bank is an institution which accepts deposits from the public and in turn advances loans by creating credit. It is different from other financial institutions in that they cannot create credit though they may be accepting deposits and making advances. Commercial banks are those banks which perform all kinds of banking functions such as accepting deposits, advancing loans, credit creation, and agency functions. They are also called joint stock banks because they are organised in the same manner as joint stock companies. They usually advance short-term loans to customers.
Meaning of commercial banks A banking company is one which transacts the business of banking which means the accepting for the purpose of lending all investments, of deposits of money form the public, repayuable on demand or otherwise and withdrawable by cheque, draft or otherwise. There are two essential functions that a financial institution must perform to become a bank. These are a Accepting of the chequable deposit form the public b Lending Main features: 1. It accepts deposits from the public. These deposits can be withdrawn by cheque and are repayable on demand.
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