Journals of lewis and clark pdf
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Jump to navigation. Reprinted from We Proceeded On 1. A rlen Jim Large of Washington, D. He passed away in Performed during the years —5—6.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Access options available:. American Speech Davis, Charles L. Gary Moulton , editor of the volume work now considered the definitive edition of the Lewis and Clark journals, cites several scholars who have either done frequency counts of the various "misspellings" or made impressionistic comments about spelling in the journals, then notes the following: "The men's erratic, but delightful and ingenious, manner of spelling and capitalizing creates the most perplexing difficulties of all" 2: Betts , comments in a note, "This is especially true of Clark, who was not only the master misspeller of them all, but also displayed dazzling virtuosity in his approach to punctuation, capitalization, and simple sentence structure.
For example, he points out that "Clark spelled the word Sioux no less than twenty-seven different ways. The only linguist to publish a study of the journals was Harry Criswell , a former president of the American Dialect Society. His first-rate study devoted over pages to the language of the journals from two points of view: 1 the kinds of topics discussed by the journalists e. This [End Page ] second section also included citations of words in the journals that predate those in the OED.
Our method involved collecting the spelling and grammatical data from comparable portions of each of the aforementioned journals, while noting all repetitions and corrections repetitions are marked with an asterisk. Our corpus is based almost wholly on Moulton for those three months, with selected additional passages from Stephen E. Ambrose's best-selling history, Undaunted Courage. Of all the journalists, Lewis, Thomas Jefferson's secretary, was the most educated.
Clark, although an army officer and a company commander, was only somewhat more educated than his sergeants. Sergeants, as noncommissioned officers, had to be able to read and write because of record-keeping duties they performed. The overall attitude of previous scholars is a bemused "What can one expect from a group of minimally educated men? There is no doubt that the image historians get from Clark's spelling is one of a country bumpkin, despite his extraordinary ability to lead men, to handle boats of all kinds, and to make maps, celestial and terrestrial observations, and surveys.
Despite his superior formal education, Lewis's writing contained many, albeit fewer, of the same nonstandard spellings found in that of Clark, Floyd, Ordway, and Whitehouse. The use of "nonstandard spelling" here is, admittedly, problematic. English spelling was well on the way to being standardized at the beginning of the nineteenth century.
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By Meriwether Lewis and and William Clark. Transcriber's Note: These Journals are from May 14,
Lewis and Clark Expedition
The Lewis and Clark Expedition from August 31, , to September 25, , also known as the Corps of Discovery Expedition , was the United States expedition to cross the newly acquired western portion of the country after the Louisiana Purchase. The Corps of Discovery was a select group of U. The expedition made its way westward, and crossed the Continental Divide of the Americas before reaching the Pacific Coast. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the expedition shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in to explore and to map the newly acquired territory, to find a practical route across the western half of the continent, and to establish an American presence in this territory before European powers attempted to establish claims in the region.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
While we cannot answer any further feedback, "Lewis and Clark" writer Dayton Duncan addresses the most often asked queries about the film below. We've also been bowled over by the flood of interest in this web site. We're both glad to see all the enthusiasm that has been sparked about the Lewis and Clark expedition. We can't answer each one of the factual questions that have flooded in, but I'll try here to address some of the mostly commonly asked ones. And others can be found in some of the many scholarly books about the expedition, listed in our book's bibliography and reprinted at the end of this message.
A selection of the journals of Lewis and Clark When Thomas Jefferson acceded to the Presidency in , one of his great unfulfilled wishes was to see a proper scientific expedition carried overland to the Pacific. But in , Jefferson dusted off the basic plan he had devised for Michaux, and once again, prepared to send an exploring party to the west. From the outset, the Lewis and Clark expedition seemed destined to enjoy a better fate than its predecessors. While Michaux had become ensnared in international rivalries after entering the field, Lewis and Clark were presented with news that the Louisiana Territory had been purchased, removing one more international hurdle to clear in an already arduous course. Although usually thought of as a scientific expedition, it was driven as much by political and commercial interests as scientific. In keeping with his Enlightened precepts, the information that Jefferson hoped to gain was practical as well as theoretical.
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