Important areas of industrial and organizational psychology pdf
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- The Role of Industrial and Organizational Psychology in the Workplace
- What is Industrial Psychology?
- Importance of Studying Industrial Psychology – Explained!
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The Role of Industrial and Organizational Psychology in the Workplace
In , people who worked in the United States spent an average of about 42—54 hours per week working Bureau of Labor Statistics—U. Department of Labor, Sleeping was the only other activity they spent more time on with an average of about 43—62 hours per week. Industrial and organizational I-O psychology is a branch of psychology that studies how human behavior and psychology affect work and how they are affected by work. Industrial and organizational psychologists work in four main contexts: academia, government, consulting firms, and business.
What is Industrial Psychology?
Industrial and organizational psychology I-O psychology which is also known as occupational psychology, organizational psychology, or work and organizational psychology; is an applied discipline within psychology. Industrial, work and organizational psychology IWO is the broader global term for the field internationally. The discipline is the science of human behavior relating to work and applies psychological theories and principles to organizations and individuals in their places of work as well as the individual's work-life more generally. They contribute to an organization's success by improving the performance, motivation , job satisfaction , and occupational safety and health as well as the overall health and well-being of its employees. An I-O psychologist conducts research on employee behaviors and attitudes, and how these can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, feedback, and management systems. In the United Kingdom, industrial and organizational psychologists are referred to as occupational psychologists. Occupational psychology in the UK is one of nine "protected titles" within the profession "practitioner psychologist" regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council.
Major founding figures were Walter Dill Scott, Fredrick W. Taylor, and Hugo Munsterberg. The personnel needs of World War I gave the I/O field respectability.
Importance of Studying Industrial Psychology – Explained!
Anyone who has ever held a job can tell you that the office can sometimes be a stressful and even volatile environment. From entry-level to C-level, the interpersonal relationships in the workplace and dynamics created by organizational structure affect every single employee within a company. Most businesses and organizations strive to maintain a healthy work environment and ensure a company is operating at peak productivity. Industrial and organizational psychologists are oftentimes brought in to help achieve these goals.
Some of the importance of studying industrial psychology are as follows: 1. Understanding Human Relations 2. Human Engineering 3. Recruitment, Selection and Placement 4.
Industrial psychology, also known as industrial-organizational or I-O psychology, is concerned with the study of human behavior in the workplace. Industrial psychologists study and evaluate a company's culture, employee behavior, and work processes, and create or recommend programs and practices to improve employee productivity and organizational performance. Industrial psychologists work with an organization's human resources department, observing employees' behavior in the work environment, assessing organizational workflows and practices, and identifying opportunities for improvement. The following constitute the main subject areas of industrial psychology:. Industrial psychologists assist the human resources department with the development of recruitment processes and the selection of personnel.