Indian states and their festivals list pdf
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- Festivals of Punjab
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- Famous Festivals In India PDF Useful for All Competitive Exams
Festivals of Punjab
They say we should celebrate life, not just festivals. Well, in a country like India, life is synonymous with festivals because there are more fiestas than you can count, and each of these mirrors our culture and traditions. Breaking the humdrum of daily routine, these festivals bring with them a wave of excitement and happiness.
Interestingly, almost every big and small occasion in India calls for a celebration. Be it the arrival of spring, harvesting of crops or something else, you will never run of out reasons and seasons to celebrate. Experiencing the festive spirit of the country is akin to celebrating life, speckled with an ample dose of colors, music, dance, folk songs, food, and friends, all rolled into a wholesome package offering absolute gratification.
Each festival in India has an essence and flavor of its own that you need to experience first-hand. We bring to you a hand-picked list of the most popular, vibrant and widely celebrated festivals of India that reflect the cultural beauty of this country.
Many such events are celebrated across the country, although there may be variations in the way they are observed or the legends associated with each. Undoubtedly, Diwali or Deepavali is the most spectacular festival celebrated in the Indian subcontinent. Autumn heralds in this Hindu festival of lights that is celebrated across the length and breadth of the country.
The celebrations are marked by people decorating their homes with candles, earthen lamps, and lights, bursting crackers, and exchanging gifts and sweets with friends and family.
Since it is celebrated on a new moon night, these sparkling lamps and lights add a magical feel to the whole scenario. Want to know how this festival of India is celebrated in different parts of India? Read our blog on Diwali Celebrations to know more. You might also want to check out on some of the places to visit during Diwali.
Holi is another noteworthy name in the list of festivals of India. Considered the festival of love and the festival of colors, it signifies the arrival of spring and the victory of good over evil.
It is celebrated all over the country with a lot of enthusiasm and fervor. Typically, the celebrations start on the eve of the festival. Huge bonfires are lit symbolizing the burning of the mythical demoness Holika , and people sing and dance around this crackling fire. On the day of the festival, they put dry and wet colors of various hues on each other.
Playing with water guns and balloons filled with colored water, and drinking bang thandai a desi cocktail made with Indian spices are some of the key attractions of Holi. Navratri counts as one of the major Hindu festivals , and the celebrations continue for days on end.
In Sanskrit, the term Navratri means nine nights. True to its name, the festival spans over nine days and nights. During Navratri, Goddess Shakti is worshipped in different forms. In North India, Navratri celebrations involve vibrant Dandiya Raas and Garba dances that are enjoyed by men, women, and children dressed in colorful traditional attire. A symbol of cultural identity for the Bengalis, Durga Puja is celebrated with much fanfare and gaiety for four days.
During Durga Puja, huge clay idols of the ten-armed Goddess Durga and her four children are worshipped in specially made mandaps. People dress up in new clothes and go pandal -hopping with family and friends.
The festival culminates with the immersion of the idol of the goddess in water. Read our blog on pandal hopping in Kolkata to know where the grandest Durga Puja celebrations take place in the city. Dussehra marks the end of Navratri as well as Durga Puja.
A prominent name in the Indian festival calendar, it is also known as Vijayadashami. As is with most festivals, Dussehra is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the country. The celebration of Dussehra is marked with enactments of Ramlila and burning of mammoth effigies of Ravana along with Kumbhkaran and Meghnad. Mysore in Karnataka is the best place to enjoy Dussehra in India. During the festival, Mysore Palace is illuminated with around one lakh bulbs, presenting a breath-taking sight.
The huge procession carried out by decorated elephants on this occasion is also a spectacle worth witnessing. Janmashtami marks the birth of Lord Krishna, who is considered to be the eight avatar of Lord Vishnu. Celebrated across the country with much pomp and splendor, it tops the list of Hindu festivals.
On this day, devotees worship Lord Krishna at their homes and in temples, and offer a variety of delicacies to please the deity. On this occasion, little children often dress up as Lord Krishna. Another important attraction of the festival is dioramas, narrating the story of the night of the virgin birth, complete with miniature mountains, a river signifying the Yamuna, and prison of Kansa where Devki was imprisoned.
In Mumbai, people form gigantic human pyramids, several storeys high, and try to break an earthen pot filled with yogurt hanging above in an event known as Dahi Handi. Do you know that Mathura, believed to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna, is also a tourist place in the country? Check out the major attractions in Mathura.
Ganesh Chaturthi National Festivals of India. The festival commemorates the birth of the much-loved Hindu deity, Lord Ganesha. Colorful festivities spanning over ten days mark the celebrations. It starts with the installation of artistically crafted Ganesha idols in homes and public mandaps. People worship the deity with much fervor and gaiety. On the tenth day, the idol is immersed in water, which marks the end of the festivities.
Eid-ul-Fitr or simply Eid is among the major religious festivals of the Muslim community. It marks the end of Ramadan, which is the sacred month of fasting akin to the Christian Lent.
The festival is celebrated on the day following the sighting of the crescent moon at night. Devotees offer prayers at mosques, visit friends and relatives, and feast with their near and dear ones; sweet seviyan is perhaps the most famous symbol of Eid. Mosques and markets across the country are beautifully decorated on this occasion and several iconic markets in India sell special delicacies too.
Christmas needs no introduction. It marks the birth of Jesus Christ and so, holds special significance for Christians. But like many other festivals in the country, it also holds appeal for the people of other religions.
And since Christmas is followed by the New Year, there is a festive spirit in the air. Churches are lit up and bedecked in an attractive manner. The day is celebrated with attending prayer mass at churches, exchanging gifts, and feasting with friends and family. If you want to witness the best of Christmas celebrations, Goa is where you should be. Read our blog on Christmas Celebrations in Goa to know more.
Maha Shivratri National Festivals of India. As the festival name indicates, Maha Shivratri is celebrated in honor of the Hindu deity, Lord Shiva. This annual event symbolizes the overcoming of ignorance and darkness in life.
Maha Shivratri, meaning the Great Night of Shiva, is celebrated across all corners of the country. Unlike most other Hindu festivals, Maha Shivratri does not include cultural revelry. Rather, it involves fasting, meditating, chanting prayers, and worshipping the Shiva Linga. Ardent devotees remain awake all night long and perform pujas as per the traditions. You can witness festivities and ceremonies in the Shiva temples of the country, though.
Rakshabandhan or Rakhi cherishes the bond between a brother and a sister. On this popular Hindu festival, sisters tie an amulet or talisman on the wrists of their brothers. The brothers, on their part, give their sisters a gift and a promise to protect them whenever the need arises.
The festival holds much significance for brothers and sisters of all ages. It has been shown in countless Bollywood movies as well to highlight the emotional brother-sister bond.
By the way, are you a Bollywood fan? You can check out these top Bollywood locations in India. The biggest festival of Kerala, Onam marks the onset of the harvest season.
It is also celebrated to remember King Mahabali, whose spirit is believed to visit his people during this time. Onam celebrations include a lot of fanfare and gaiety, including boat races, floral arrangements, worshiping, dancing, and enjoying elaborate feasts with friends and family.
If you are in Kerala during this festival, do not miss out on witnessing the spectacular snake boat race, the elephant procession, and the mesmerizing Kaikottikali dance. Counted among the major festivals of the Sikhs and Punjabi community, Baisakhi celebrates the onset of harvest season for the rabi crops. This harvest festival is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm and excitement by the people of Punjab and the Punjabi diaspora all over the world.
The celebrations are marked by performances of folk dances like Bhangra and Giddha, decorating the houses and gurudwaras, and enjoying lavish feasts. Baisakhi also has a religious aspect to it. It marks the day when Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of Sikhs, placed the founded the Khalsa order, way back in the year People observe this festival by reading the Guru Granth Sahib for two days prior to the festival, and organizing special assemblies on the teaching of the guru and community meals in the gurudwaras.
Processions are organized and Karah Prasad is distributed to all, irrespective of caste or religion. Several observers journey to Gurudwara Nankana Sahib all the way in Pakistan, the birthplace of the deity, to celebrate the occasion.
Makar Sankranti National Festivals of India. Makar Sankranti is one of those few Indian festivals celebrated based on the solar calendar. The festival is known and celebrated by different names across in India. People celebrate the day with various rituals and traditions, like taking a dip in the Ganges, offering water to the Sun God, and flying kites.
In a cultural milieu like India, the list of festivals is really long, many of which are observed in only some regions and by certain communities.
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Information on Surajkund Mela organised by Haryana tourism is given. Users can get details related to the fair, its objectives, how to reach and past melas. Information about organizing agency and highlights of the fair is also available. Find the form for proposal submission for assistance for fairs, festivals and events provided by the Ministry of Tourism. Downloadable form is available along with instructions. Users need give information such as name of the proposing agency, scheme name, project name, duration of projection completion, primary implementing agency, etc. Users can find detailed information about the Nabakalebara Festival of Odisha.
They say we should celebrate life, not just festivals. Well, in a country like India, life is synonymous with festivals because there are more fiestas than you can count, and each of these mirrors our culture and traditions. Breaking the humdrum of daily routine, these festivals bring with them a wave of excitement and happiness. Interestingly, almost every big and small occasion in India calls for a celebration. Be it the arrival of spring, harvesting of crops or something else, you will never run of out reasons and seasons to celebrate. Experiencing the festive spirit of the country is akin to celebrating life, speckled with an ample dose of colors, music, dance, folk songs, food, and friends, all rolled into a wholesome package offering absolute gratification. Each festival in India has an essence and flavor of its own that you need to experience first-hand.
Makar Sankranti (January).
Famous Festivals In India PDF Useful for All Competitive Exams
You will be redirected to your dashboard shortly. We will also call you back in 24 hrs. India is a land of festivals, where people from different religions coexist harmoniously. The wide variety of festivals celebrated in India is a true manifestation of its rich culture and traditions. There are many Indian festivals and celebrations, the most exciting of which are mentioned below.
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In India, every state has a unique culture and tradition. They celebrate their beliefs, culture and tradition through festivals. Each festival has different characteristics. Festivals in India are celebrated seasonally-wise and status-wise. The main reason for celebrating these holidays is to spread happiness and reinforce the bond between friends and family.