Organic farming advantages and disadvantages pdf
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- Pros and Cons of Organic Farming
- ORGANIC VERSUS CONVENTIONAL: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING
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- disadvantages of organic farming pdf
Pros and Cons of Organic Farming
The word organic has become the buzzword in the recent times owing to the growing awareness of consumers on the drastic effects of chemical laden products on humans, animals and the environment. The label containing the words organic, green, natural and eco-friendly are drawing much attention of public though they are exceptionally priced. Of course, it is not a fad, but just a way of getting back to our traditional way of producing and consuming food. There is a lot of science behind the word organic and it is applicable in its own way to each field. For example, in dairy, a product is considered organic not just if the milk or milk products are free of antibiotics or hormones; also the cows should be fed with grass that is free of pesticides, fertilizers and GM seeds. For agricultural produce to be organic, the plants should not be treated with synthetic plant protection chemicals, sewage sludge or radiation.
ORGANIC VERSUS CONVENTIONAL: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC FARMING
What is organic farming? What specifications and standards does organic farming follow? Advantages and disadvantages of organic farming? Organic farming can be defined as a system of management and agricultural production that combines a high level of biodiversity with environmental practices that preserve natural resources and has rigorous standards for animal welfare. The term organic farming can apply to the following categories of products:. Businesses will then get certified if they show evidence of complying with strict specifications which vary depending on the type of production. Yet, some of the most common principles of organic farming are:.
Organic farming is an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture accounts for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. It is defined by the use of fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure , green manure , and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. Biological pest control , mixed cropping and the fostering of insect predators are encouraged. Organic standards are designed to allow the use of naturally occurring substances while prohibiting or strictly limiting synthetic substances. Synthetic substances that are allowed include, for example, copper sulfate , elemental sulfur and Ivermectin. Genetically modified organisms , nanomaterials , human sewage sludge , plant growth regulators , hormones , and antibiotic use in livestock husbandry are prohibited.
There are however both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to production of organic food, the choice of many farmers being not to produce organic.
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Organic farming promotes biodiversity. According to a study by the Environment Program, organic farming yields less than normal farming. In the pillars of food security, a recent study in Science-Digest stressed that promotion of organic farming can intensify yield production particularly in poor countries where inputs for conventional agriculture are highly expensive, thus contributing to increased food security. Go to your local organic farmer. Organic crops also have better resistance to pest and diseases.
Organic food is a big growth area for consumer demand. Once thought to be the preserve of the wealthy or eco-eccentrics, organic food is going mainstream with many people from across the spectrum wishing to purchase organic food. Organic farming avoids the use of artificial fertilisers and pesticides but relies on more traditional methods of fertilisation and pest control, such as crop rotation, barrier nets and natural pest control. Despite the demand for organic food growing strongly, In the US only 0.
Organic agriculture is a production system that regenerates the health of soils, ecosystems, and people.
disadvantages of organic farming pdf
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